Dengue cases detected in the Southwest: What we know about the spread of the disease

Dengue circumstances detected within the Southwest: What we all know concerning the unfold of the illness

In full enlargement by means of the tip of summer season, tiger mosquitoes have induced a number of circumstances of dengue, together with one in Haute-Garonne on the finish of August. A illness that spreads overseas … but additionally in France.

Tiger mosquitoes transmit three ailments that aren’t quite common in France: Zika, chikungunya and dengue. Concerning the latter, a number of circumstances had been reported through the summer season, a few of which had been incubated in France with out the affected person having beforehand traveled overseas. This is what we learn about lately recognized contaminations.

Illness “imported” typically

Yearly, a number of circumstances of dengue are reported by medical doctors to regional well being companies in 67 French departments in mainland France the place tiger mosquitoes stay. This illness, which typically causes joint ache and fever, can develop acutely known as hemorrhagic, and trigger vital well being problems. There isn’t any particular remedy or vaccine in opposition to dengue fever, because the Ministry of Well being reminds us. Aspirin and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medication are contraindicated because of the danger of bleeding.

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True or false. Do tiger mosquitoes chunk you extra on the finish of summer season?

Most of these contaminated with “imported” dengue are unfold overseas and are incubated in France. Due to this fact, the French tiger mosquito is just not chargeable for the 123 circumstances of imported dengue that had been recorded through the summer season of August 26, 2022, distributed all through France, together with in departments with out the presence of the insect. Nonetheless, a number of the circumstances affecting the South are extra particular and worrisome.

Indigenous points

3 genuine circumstances of dengue had been confirmed by the ARS within the southwest between 1 July and a couple of September: one within the Pyrenees-Orientales, one in Haute-Garonne, and one within the Hautes-Pyrenees. Thus, the city of Salvate-Saint-Gilles, close to Toulouse, was affected by a state of affairs on the finish of August, requiring mosquito management within the affected individual’s neighborhood. These circumstances are “unique” as a result of individuals who haven’t traveled overseas lately contracted the illness: the illness was subsequently carried by the disease-prone tiger mosquito in France.

Certainly, if the illness is native to tropical international locations, then the nice adaptability of the tiger mosquito and the French local weather, favorable for its growth, explains why many circumstances can come up yearly. Nonetheless, we can not converse of an epidemic because of the very low variety of circumstances. Parisian It additionally reviews a number of circumstances detected within the PACA area.

Properly-defined well being protocol

The ARS protocol states that mosquito management ought to be carried out across the residence of everybody contaminated with the illness, as established by the municipality of La Salvetat-Saint-Gilles; Due to this fact, any case ought to be reported to keep away from problems and forestall unfold. To guard in opposition to the dangerous results related to the deliberate spraying of mosquito repellent, the municipality of Haute-Garonne recommends that neighbors of the affected household, amongst different issues, usher in linen, toys and meals that’s outdoors. To deliver animals indoors and defend their utensils.

Occitanie’s regional well being company stated there was no critical case in any of the unique circumstances reported. As for Zika and chikungunya, whereas a number of imported circumstances are reported every year, their frequency is far decrease than that of dengue.

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