In Chile, a tense referendum on the new constitution

In Chile, a tense referendum on the brand new structure

The gathering, made up of 100 individuals, sings the Chilean anthem within the convention room of a lodge in Santiago, Thursday 1Verse September. “not this”promoting their yellow jerseys, in addition to their caps, flags and surgical masks, reflecting the identify of their group, Amarillos por Chile. (“yellow for chile”), Launched in February, to marketing campaign in opposition to the brand new Fundamental Legislation that will likely be put to a historic referendum on Sunday 4 September.

Fifteen million Chileans and Chileans, on this nation of 19 million individuals, had been invited to the polls.

Learn additionally: Chile’s Structure: Ultimate Draft Submitted to President by Referendum in September

“I need one other structure, however not this one which divides us. It’s a crucial subject, the place all of it begins and ends.”Ricardo Quezada, 64, mentioned on the finish of the marketing campaign for Amarillos por Chile, which defines itself as a gaggle of left-and-centre nationals. Their place illustrates what seems like a gradual transition on the nationwide stage: Like the vast majority of Chileans now, in response to all polls, they’re making ready to vote “Rechazo” (“I reject” the proposal, that is the case for 53.5% of respondents, in response to the polling institute Pulso Ciudadano), after talking in favor of writing a brand new structure, throughout a referendum in October 2020.

At the moment, practically 80% of voters determined and expressed their need to bury the structure inherited from the dictatorship of Augusto Pinochet (1973-1990) and deemed illegitimate. If it has been reformed on varied events, this structure has been accused of being the bedrock of inequality of every kindAnd the dénoncées dans la rue lors du vaste et inédit soulèvement social de 2019. S’ouvrait alors la voie d’une réécriture en profondeur du texte fondamental, sous la plume de 154 élus, dont une majorité d’indéantépenditants, composaire composaire On the left.

Learn additionally: This text is reserved for our subscribers In Chile, if the brand new structure prevails, the institutional hyperlink with the Pinochet dictatorship will likely be fully damaged.

For a yr, the brand new textual content mentioned sought to advertise the paradigm change introduced within the first article: Chile is a social and democratic nation primarily based on the rule of regulation. It’s multinational, multicultural, regional and ecological. » The primary ideas which can be then utilized embody the introduction of social rights, recognition of the indigenous inhabitants (12.8% of Chileans), equality, and reform of the political and judicial system. Entry to voluntary termination of being pregnant is assured.

“Unbalanced Powers”

For a part of the view, did he go too far? “I’m very superior with social rights. However not with the powers granted to natives. If they’d that many, there could be no extra equalitysays Marcela Retamal, a 35-year-old employee from Amarillos Port, Chile. The forces are unbalanced, the room [dite « des régions », en remplacement du Sénat] It would not must be Ricardo Quezada provides.

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