In Colombia, Gustavo Petro was sworn in and have become the nation’s first left-wing president

An enormous crowd of lots of of hundreds gathered in Bogota’s Bolivar Sq., on Sunday, August 7, for the inauguration of the primary leftist president in Colombia’s historical past.

Learn additionally: This text is reserved for our subscribers In Colombia, President-elect Gustavo Petro, a former fighter turned energy

Taking the oath in entrance of a big delegation of worldwide company, Gustavo Petro succeeded Ivan Duque (2018-2022) for a four-year time period to start with the help of a left-wing majority in Congress. Thus, Colombia, lengthy dominated by a conservative elite, is on a typical path with different Latin American international locations which can be turning left.

The 62-year-old ex-guerrilla markedly showcased the armed teams working in Colombia “authorized advantages” In the event that they make peace: “We name on (…) all armed teams to switch arms to the dams of the previous. To just accept authorized advantages in trade for peace and in return for a last cessation of violence”Launch.

Though a peace settlement with the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC, Marxists) in 2016 diminished violence, Colombia has not but ended the final inside armed battle on the continent.

Along with the Nationwide Liberation Military (ELN), highly effective gangs of drug smugglers such because the Del Golfo clan, who this 12 months had been extradited to the USA, Baron “Ottonell”, implement their legal guidelines in a number of areas of the nation. FARC defectors additionally problem the state with assets from unlawful mining and, above all, drug smuggling.

Learn additionally: This text is reserved for our subscribers Colombia’s first left-wing president, Gustavo Petro performs the opening

Bringing “calm and peace” to Colombia

On this level, Mr. Petro suggests rethinking the failure of the crop eradication coverage, in cooperation with the USA, the most important client of coca leaf by-product.

I additionally felt that it was “It is time for a brand new worldwide settlement that accepts that the struggle on medicine has failed.”please Robust anti-consumption coverage in developed international locations. In line with him, in forty years of preventing medicine, “One Million Latin Individuals” They had been killed and 70,000 North Individuals surrendered “Yearly for an overdose”.

Colombia is the most important cocaine producer on this planet, and the USA is its largest buyer. The struggle on medicine has strengthened the mafia and weakened states.he referred to the one that left the armed insurrection three a long time in the past.

Learn additionally: This text is reserved for our subscribers The Fact Fee releases its report on the armed battle in Colombia

The primary authorities, which we hope might be a authorities of peace, is about to start. Hopefully he’ll carry to Colombia what it hasn’t had for hundreds of years, which is calm and peace.”It had already been introduced, on Saturday, within the capital through the first inauguration ceremonies among the many indigenous, Afro-Colombian and peasantry.

I do not need two international locations, simply as I do not need two mixed. I need a robust, truthful and united Colombia.”He stated he moved throughout his introductory speech on Sunday.

A pluralistic authorities, with ladies heading a number of ministerial portfolios

This photo released by the Presidential Press Office shows Colombia's new President Gustavo Petro swearing in before Vice President Francia Marquez during the opening ceremony at Bolivar Square in Bogota on August 7, 2022.

The previous opposition chief has been in workplace for twenty years with a raft of reforms in thoughts which have raised excessive expectations amongst his supporters since his June 19 victory.

Alongside her, 40-year-old environmental activist Francia Marquez is the primary Afro-Colombian vp of a rustic traditionally dominated by white male elites. Gustavo Petro has fashioned a pluralistic authorities, headed by ladies for a number of ministerial portfolios, with the purpose of advancing reforms that may start their legislative journey on Monday.

In the hunt for assets to fund social reform plans, the payments purpose to lift taxes on the wealthy, enhance their assortment and tax sugary drinks. However “The extent of indebtedness and finances deficit that we discovered to be essential”stated Daniel Rojas, one of many transitional committee coordinators with the federal government of his predecessor Ivan Duque.

Learn additionally: This text is reserved for our subscribers Presidential elections in Colombia: “We aren’t silly, we all know that the nation won’t change in 4 years”

However, Mr. Pietro intends to ship on his promise to cut back the hole between the richest and the poorest by growing entry to credit score, growing support and emphasizing training.

Whereas the Colombian financial system has recovered from the pandemic and returned to progress, year-on-year inflation of 10.2% in July, unemployment (11.7%) and poverty of 39% add to the challenges.

Lowering exterior debt to “flip it into concrete actions” for local weather

Gustavo Petro additionally steered in his funding speech the creation of a world fund to guard the Amazon area, which has been suffering from deforestation. “We are able to flip all the inhabitants of the Colombian Amazon right into a jungle protector, however we’d like funding from all around the world to do this”He stated.

to guard “Lungs of the Planet”Mr Petro steered to the worldwide group to cut back exterior debt in favor of capital financing ‘To save lots of and restore our forests’.

“If the Worldwide Financial Fund [Fonds monétaire international] Assist flip debt into actual motion in opposition to the local weather disaster, and we may have a thriving new financial system and a brand new life for humanity.”It’s to clarify.

Learn the interview additionally: This text is reserved for our subscribers “The Amazon is a disadvantaged previous, current in smoke, a future in stake.”

Particularly, he campaigned by promising to hurry up the transition to scrub power sources and scale back deforestation within the Amazon, whose ecosystem is essential to absorbing greenhouse gases. In line with environmental organizations, Colombia misplaced a minimum of 7,018 kilometers of forest through the time of his predecessor Ivan Duque.2. Wildfires are the principle reason behind deforestation within the Amazon, attributable to intensive animal husbandry, agricultural exploitation, and drug cultivation.

Internationally, Mr. Petro will even search help for the resumption of peace talks with the Nationwide Liberation Military, the nation’s final acknowledged guerrilla struggle, and revitalize diplomatic and industrial ties severed since 2019 with neighboring Venezuela, Nicolás Maduro. Because the Venezuelan president congratulated him within the video: “I prolong my hand to the folks of Colombia, to President Gustavo Petro, to rebuild brotherhood on the premise of respect and love amongst peoples”.

Learn additionally: This text is reserved for our subscribers “Venezuela Maduro and Colombia Duque are extra alike than they appear”

Le Monde with Agence France-Presse and Reuters

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