En 2024, la sobriété dans la consommation d

Nuclear EDF manufacturing will likely be advanced till 2024…at the very least

The extraordinarily tense state of affairs that {the electrical} system will face this winter shouldn’t be a short-term drawback. It’s a everlasting drawback that can persist over time. Figures revealed by the EDF on Tuesday, September thirteenth verify this: In 2024, nuclear manufacturing will likely be between 315 and 345 TWh, in line with an electrician’s estimates. “That is the extent of the Covid yr », notes Nicholas Goldberg, an power professional at Columbus Consulting. In 2020, a yr by which there was a strict two-month restriction, French nuclear electrical energy manufacturing really collapsed to 335.4 TWh, down 11.6% (44 TWh) in comparison with 2019.. Its lowest degree since 1993 »then confirmed by RTE, Director of the Electrical energy Transmission Community.

In 2024, the manufacturing of electrical energy ought to be barely larger than the forecast for 2023, which is presently estimated at 300-330 TWh, which itself is barely larger than the manufacturing in 2022, which ought to be solely 285 TWh, “An actual catastrophe »And the In line with Nicholas Goldberg.

Wiesenheim: Macron is remaking historical past

Since 2015, we’ve got recognized that the state of affairs will likely be tense »

These figures present that the electrical energy disaster will proceed till at the very least 2024, and it’s worrying, professional says. subordinate In 2015, we discovered that the state of affairs on the nuclear energy plant can be tense at the moment because of the ten-year inspections [arrêt de plusieurs mois de la production d’un réacteur, qui a lieu tous les dix ans, et pendant lequel un examen de sûreté est réalisé en profondeur. Les quatrièmes visites décennales (VD4), qui concernent en ce moment les plus vieux réacteurs du parc, ceux de 900 MW, comptent 20.000 activités de maintenance et de contrôles et visent à faire tendre le niveau de sûreté de ces réacteurs vers celui des EPR, ndlr]And the However we had no thought how deep this disaster was »admits.

Concerning the manufacturing estimate for 2024, EDF That the related upkeep schedule is being standardized ». For the time being, we don’t but know the magnitude of the assorted components that can have an effect on the supply of the nuclear fleet in 2024. What’s the share of upkeep and inspections for ten years and the proportion of corrosion issues? »Nicholas Goldberg asks.

Seven inspections are scheduled for ten years in 2024

The 2024 nuclear manufacturing estimate is defined by an intensive industrial program and the continuing implementation of a nuclear reactor management program within the context of the stress corrosion phenomenon. »for his half, refers back to the EDF, with out giving additional particulars.

On the finish of 2021, the electrician found a sequence stress corrosion drawback that ends in micro-cracks on metal tubes related to the principle major circuit that surrounds the reactor. In line with investigations carried out by the EDF, 12 reactors are affected or more likely to be affected by this phenomenon and are due to this fact presently closed. (Whereas 17 others are presently closed for upkeep.) If this phenomenon continues till 2024, upkeep shutdowns for extra checks could also be extended.

As well as, in 2024, seven decennial outages are deliberate: two relating to 2 1,300 MW reactors at Penly 2 and Golfech 2, and a fourth decennial outages to the 900 MW Blayais 3, Cruas 3, Dampierre 4 and Gravelines 4 reactors , Tricastine 4.

In 2024, we’ll nonetheless be in a tense state of affairs [sur le plan de la sécurité d’approvisionnement électrique, ndlr]. It will likely be needed to use environmental gestures, but in addition rules of sobriety whereas creating and making use of the proper tariff indicators over time as a result of it’s a everlasting drawback. »And the Nicholas Goldberg insists.

Manufacturing decline since 2018

Nevertheless, some parts can ease the French electrical system. On the manufacturing facet, the offshore wind farm in Saint-Nazaire, consisting of 80 generators, will likely be totally operational and scheduled for 100% commissioning on the finish of 2022. Additionally it is hoped that the Renewable Energies Acceleration Act, which can quickly be offered to the Cupboard, Its first results have paid off.

Subsequent, France ought to be capable of import extra electrical energy due to the creation of a brand new hyperlink between France and Italy by way of the Frejus Tunnel. This ought to be able to be totally operational within the coming months. Alternatively, it’s seemingly that the outcomes relating to power effectivity work won’t be there but.

Since 2018, French nuclear manufacturing has continued to say no. Solely 2021 was marked by a fragile restoration. The French nuclear energy fleet produced 393.2 TWh in 2018, 379.5 TWh in 2019, 335.4 TWh in 2020 and 360.7 TWh in 2021. We’ve to return to 2015 for a quantity higher than 400 TWh, a degree thought of Regular » By all consultants within the sector. And for good cause, from 2002 to 2015, electrical energy manufacturing from corn was at all times higher than 400 TWh, apart from 2009.